ASBMB Award Articles
- Lipids play critical roles in several major chronic diseases of our times, including those that involve inflammatory sequelae such as metabolic syndrome including obesity, insulin sensitivity, and cardiovascular diseases. However, defining the substrate specificity of enzymes of lipid metabolism is a challenging task. For example, phospholipase A2 (PLA2) enzymes constitute a superfamily of degradative, biosynthetic, and signaling enzymes that all act stereospecifically to hydrolyze and release the fatty acids of membrane phospholipids.
- The human cytidine deaminase family of APOBEC3s (A3s) plays critical roles in both innate immunity and the development of cancers. A3s comprise seven functionally overlapping but distinct members that can be exploited as nucleotide base editors for treating genetic diseases. Although overall structurally similar, A3s have vastly varying deamination activity and substrate preferences. Recent crystal structures of ssDNA-bound A3s together with experimental studies have provided some insights into distinct substrate specificities among the family members.