- Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) controls the expression of liver-specific protein-coding genes. However, some microRNAs are also modulated by HNF4α, and it is not known whether they are direct targets of HNF4α and whether they influence hepatic function. In this study, we found that HNF4α regulates microRNAs, indicated by marked down-regulation of miR-194 and miR-192 (miR-194/192) in liver-specific Hnf4a-null (Hnf4aΔH) mice. Transactivation of the shared miR-194/192 promoter was dependent on HNF4α expression, indicating that miR-194/192 is a target gene of HNF4α.
- Alcoholic liver disease is a pathological condition caused by overconsumption of alcohol. Because of the high morbidity and mortality associated with this disease, there remains a need to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying its etiology and to develop new treatments. Because peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-β/δ (PPARβ/δ) modulates ethanol-induced hepatic effects, the present study examined alterations in gene expression that may contribute to this disease. Chronic ethanol treatment causes increased hepatic CYP2B10 expression inPparβ/δ+/+ mice but not in Pparβ/δ−/− mice.
- Iron is an essential element in biological systems, but excess iron promotes the formation of reactive oxygen species, resulting in cellular toxicity. Several iron-related genes are highly expressed in the liver, a tissue in which hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) plays a critical role in controlling gene expression. Therefore, the role of hepatic HNF4α in iron homeostasis was examined using liver-specific HNF4α-null mice (Hnf4aΔH mice). Hnf4aΔH mice exhibit hypoferremia and a significant change in hepatic gene expression.
- Background: The role of PPARD was examined in the testes because this receptor can regulate cell differentiation and proliferation.Results: PPARD temporally represses ERK-dependent cell cycle signaling and increases tight junction proteins in Sertoli cells.Conclusion: PPARD is essential for maturation of Sertoli cells to prevent testicular degeneration.Significance: PPARD modulates Sertoli cell function and spermatogenesis.