Genomics and Proteomics
Microhomology-based CRISPR tagging tools for protein tracking, purification, and depletionWork in yeast models has benefitted tremendously from the insertion of epitope or fluorescence tags at the native gene locus to study protein function and behavior under physiological conditions. In contrast, work in mammalian cells largely relies on overexpression of tagged proteins because high-quality antibodies are only available for a fraction of the mammalian proteome. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing has recently emerged as a powerful genome-modifying tool that can also be exploited to insert various tags and fluorophores at gene loci to study the physiological behavior of proteins in most organisms, including mammals.
The proteasome-interacting Ecm29 protein disassembles the 26S proteasome in response to oxidative stressOxidative stress has been implicated in multiple human neurological and other disorders. Proteasomes are multi-subunit proteases critical for the removal of oxidatively damaged proteins. To understand stress-associated human pathologies, it is important to uncover the molecular events underlying the regulation of proteasomes upon oxidative stress. To this end, we investigated H2O2 stress–induced molecular changes of the human 26S proteasome and determined that stress-induced 26S proteasome disassembly is conserved from yeast to human.