Genomics and Proteomics
The deubiquitinase USP7 stabilizes Maf proteins to promote myeloma cell survivalThe Maf proteins, including c-Maf, MafA, and MafB, are critical transcription factors in myelomagenesis. Previous studies demonstrated that Maf proteins are processed by the ubiquitin–proteasome pathway, but the mechanisms remain elusive. This study applied MS to identify MafB ubiquitination-associated proteins and found that the ubiquitin-specific protease USP7 was present in the MafB interactome. Moreover, USP7 also interacted with c-Maf and MafA and blocked their polyubiquitination and degradation.
Physiological and pathophysiological characteristics of ataxin-3 isoformsAtaxin-3 is a deubiquitinating enzyme and the affected protein in the neurodegenerative disorder Machado–Joseph disease (MJD). The ATXN3 gene is alternatively spliced, resulting in protein isoforms that differ in the number of ubiquitin-interacting motifs. Additionally, nonsynonymous SNPs in ATXN3 cause amino acid changes in ataxin-3, and one of these polymorphisms introduces a premature stop codon in one isoform. Here, we examined the effects of different ataxin-3 isoforms and of the premature stop codon on ataxin-3’s physiological function and on main disease mechanisms.
Loss of the deubiquitinase USP36 destabilizes the RNA helicase DHX33 and causes preimplantation lethality in miceDeubiquitinases are proteases with a wide functional diversity that profoundly impact multiple biological processes. Among them, the ubiquitin-specific protease 36 (USP36) has been implicated in the regulation of nucleolar activity. However, its functional relevance in vivo has not yet been fully described. Here, we report the generation of an Usp36-deficient mouse model to examine the function of this enzyme. We show that Usp36 depletion is lethal in preimplantation mouse embryos, where it blocks the transition from morula to blastocyst during embryonic development.
The X-linked deubiquitinase USP9X is an integral component of centrosomeThe X-linked deubiquitinase USP9X has been implicated in multiple pathological disorders including malignancies and X-linked intellectual disability. However, its biological function and substrate repertoire remain to be investigated. In this study, we utilized the tandem mass tag labeling assay to identify USP9X-regulated proteins and revealed that the expression of multiple genes is altered in USP9X-deficient cells. Interestingly, we showed that USP9X promotes stabilization of centrosome proteins PCM1 and CEP55 through its catalytic activity.