Glycobiology and Extracellular Matrices
- The generation of free N-glycans, or unconjugated oligosaccharides derived from N-linked glycoproteins, is well understood, but whether a similar fate awaits O-linked glycoprotein carbohydrates was unknown. Hirayama et al. now reveal, by using only mannose as an energy source, the generation of free O-glycans in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in the lumen of a secretory compartment, possibly the vacuole. These findings uncover the presence of a possible regulated degradation pathway for O-mannosylated glycoproteins.
- Natriuretic peptides (NPs) are hormones involved in maintaining heart health that undergo proteolytic cleavage to become activated. Previous work has shown that O-GalNAc glycans affect their processing and activation. Here, Goetze, Schjoldager, and colleagues now provide comprehensive characterization of O-glycosylation of NPs, revealing that all members of the NP family can be modified by O-GalNAc glycans. Intriguingly, the study discovers glycans in the receptor-binding region of the A-type natriuretic peptide (ANP), demonstrating that they affect both stability and activity of ANP.