Staphylococcus aureus infection relies on iron acquisition from its host. S. aureus takes up iron through heme uptake by the iron-responsive surface determinant (Isd) system and by the production of iron-scavenging siderophores. Staphyloferrin B (SB) is a siderophore produced by the 9-gene sbn gene cluster for SB biosynthesis and efflux. Recently, the ninth gene product, SbnI, was determined to be a free l-serine kinase that produces O-phospho-l-serine (OPS), a substrate for SB biosynthesis. Previous studies have also characterized SbnI as a DNA-binding regulatory protein that senses heme to control sbn gene expression for SB synthesis.