- To characterize circumcision-related litigation in the United States (US) and factors predictive of lawsuit outcome. Circumcision is a common urologic procedure with medical and ethical nuances.
- To identify the current formats of standardized letters of recommendation (SLORs) and evaluate their characteristics, the distribution of applicants’ ratings, correlation between SLOR domain ratings and conventional application metrics, and potential biases.
- To assess provider and practice characteristics that drive opioid prescription behavior using the American Urological Association census data.
- To describe factors associated with Quality improvement and patient safety (QIPS) participation using 2018 American Urological Association Census data. QIPS have become increasingly important in medicine. However, studies about QIPS in urology suggest low levels of participation, with little known about factors predicting non-participation.
- Bladder cancer has been linked with well-known carcinogens. It is estimated that nearly 27% of global bladder cancer deaths are attributed to smoking.1 High arsenic levels in drinking water, some medications, and Schistosoma haematobium infection are examples of other environmental risk factors.2 Well-known occupational carcinogens include aromatic amines (eg, benzidine, α-Naphthylamine, ß-Naphthylamine, etc.).3 The history of the discovery of these occupational carcinogens is paradoxically not well-acknowledged in contemporary urology literature.