- To identify risk factors associated with an inaccurate diagnosis, delayed referral, and/or inappropriate ultrasound in consecutive referrals for an undescended testicle (UDT).
- A supernumerary testis is a rare finding with limited description in the literature. Presentations of supernumerary testes vary and often involve initial discovery intraoperatively or in association with a separate condition. In this case report, we describe our experience of a patient with ultrasound imaging concerning for a left paratesticular mass. The patient was taken to the operating room where the mass was found to be an atrophic, supernumerary testis. We also address the specific anatomy encountered in our case and discuss both the intraoperative and post-operative management that resulted, in addition to reviewing relevant literature.
- Adrenocortical tumors in children are rare, with approximately 90% of children presenting with endocrine syndromes, most commonly virilization. The standard treatment remains an open resection, although there is increasing use of the minimally invasive approach. With the advent of robotic surgery, its advantages over open and conventional laparoscopy make it a viable option in select patients. Despite the adoption of robot-assisted surgery in pediatric urology, limited literature regarding robotic pediatric adrenal surgery exists, with only a few small case series.