- Dengue virus (DENV) is a flavivirus causing an estimated 390 million infections per year around the world. Despite the immense global health and economic impact of this virus, its true receptor(s) for internalization into live cells has not yet been identified, and no successful antivirals or treatments have been isolated to this date. This study aims to improve our understanding of virus entry routes by exploring the sialic acid–based cell surface molecule GM1a and its role in DENV infection. We studied the interaction of the virus with GM1a using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, fluorescence crosscorrelation spectroscopy, imaging fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, amide hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry, and isothermal titration calorimetry.
- Regulation of the neuronal microtubule cytoskeleton is achieved through the coordination of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). MAP-Tau, the most abundant MAP in the axon, functions to modulate motor motility, participate in signaling cascades, as well as directly mediate microtubule dynamics. Tau misregulation is associated with a class of neurodegenerative diseases, known as tauopathies, including progressive supranuclear palsy, Pick's disease, and Alzheimer's disease. Many disease-associated mutations in Tau are found in the C-terminal microtubule-binding domain.
- The great diversity in actin network architectures and dynamics is exploited by cells to drive fundamental biological processes, including cell migration, endocytosis, and cell division. While it is known that this versatility is the result of the many actin-remodeling activities of actin-binding proteins, such as Arp2/3 and cofilin, recent work also implicates posttranslational acetylation or arginylation of the actin N terminus itself as an equally important regulatory mechanism. However, the molecular mechanisms by which acetylation and arginylation alter the properties of actin are not well understood.