Capturing Aβ42 aggregation in the cellNovel imaging techniques with ever-increasing resolution are invaluable tools for the study of protein deposition, as they allow the self-assembly of proteins to be directly investigated in living cells. For the first time, the acceleration in Aβ42 aggregation induced by the Arctic mutation was monitored in cells, revealing a number of distinct morphologies that form sequentially. This approach will help discriminate the impacts of mutations on amyloid protein processing, Aβ aggregation propensity, and other mechanistic outcomes.
Quantification of the Relative Contributions of Loss-of-function and Gain-of-function Mechanisms in TAR DNA-binding Protein 43 (TDP-43) ProteinopathiesAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin positive inclusions (FTLD-U) are two clinically distinct neurodegenerative conditions sharing a similar histopathology characterized by the nuclear clearance of TDP-43 and its associated deposition into cytoplasmic inclusions in different areas of the central nervous system. Given the concomitant occurrence of TDP-43 nuclear depletion and cytoplasmic accumulation, it has been proposed that TDP-43 proteinopathies originate from either a loss-of-function (LOF) mechanism, a gain-of-function (GOF) process, or both.