Protein Synthesis and Degradation
- Cellular processes accompanying protein aggregation are diverse and entangled, making it difficult to investigate the underlying molecular processes in a time-resolved way. Gottlieb, Thompson, and colleagues address this shortcoming using a chemical biology approach to monitor ubiquitination within the first 10 min after the initiation of protein aggregation. Intriguingly, unfolding rather than aggregation seems to trigger the observed events. This work might provide a method to answer open questions regarding the regulation of the proteostasis network upon protein misfolding.
- Runx2, a master regulator of osteoblast differentiation, is tightly regulated at both transcriptional and post-translational levels. Post-translational modifications such as phosphorylation and ubiquitination have differential effects on Runx2 functions. Here, we show that the reduced expression and functions of Runx2 upon its phosphorylation by GSK3β are mediated by its ubiquitin-mediated degradation through E3 ubiquitin ligase Fbw7α. Fbw7α through its WD domain interacts with Runx2 both in a heterologous (HEK293T cells) system as well as in osteoblasts.