Protein Synthesis and Degradation
Thrombin activation of protein C requires prior processing by a liver proprotein convertaseProtein C, a secretory vitamin K-dependent anticoagulant serine protease, inactivates factors Va/VIIIa. It is exclusively synthesized in liver hepatocytes as an inactive zymogen (proprotein C). In humans, thrombin cleavage of the propeptide at PR221↓ results in activated protein C (APC; residues 222–461). However, the propeptide is also cleaved by a furin-like proprotein convertase(s) (PCs) at KKRSHLKR199↓ (underlined basic residues critical for the recognition by PCs), but the order of cleavage is unknown.
Amyloid Precursor-like Protein 2 and Sortilin Do Not Regulate the PCSK9 Convertase-mediated Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor Degradation but Interact with Each OtherBackground It was reported that amyloid precursor-like protein 2 (APLP2) increases PCSK9-mediated low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) degradation, and sortilin facilitates PCSK9 secretion. Results APLP2 or sortilin deficiency/overexpression in cells/mice did not affect LDLR degradation by PCSK9. However, APLP2 binds sortilin, and PCSK9 enhances their degradation. Conclusion APLP2/sortilin are not required for PCSK9 activity on LDLR, but their interaction may modulate APLP2 functions. Significance APLP2 and sortilin do not affect LDLR levels.