Protein Synthesis and Degradation
- The retina-specific chaperone aryl hydrocarbon interacting protein-like 1 (AIPL1) is essential for the correct assembly of phosphodiesterase 6 (PDE6), which is a pivotal effector enzyme for phototransduction and vision because it hydrolyzes cGMP. AIPL1 interacts with the cytokine-inducible ubiquitin-like modifier FAT10, which gets covalently conjugated to hundreds of proteins and targets its conjugation substrates for proteasomal degradation, but whether FAT10 affects PDE6 function or turnover is unknown.
- The deubiquitylation of target proteins is mediated by deubiquitylating enzymes (DUB) such as OTUB1, which plays an important role in immune response, cell cycle progression, and DNA repair. Within these processes, OTUB1 reduces the ubiquitylation of target proteins in two distinct ways, either by using its catalytic DUB activity or in a noncatalytic manner by inhibiting the E2-conjugating enzyme. Here, we show that the ubiquitin-like modifier FAT10 regulates OTUB1 stability and functionality in different ways.