- Phosphodiesterase 3A (PDE3A) selectively cleaves the phosphodiester bond of cAMP and is inhibited by cGMP, making it an important regulator of cAMP–cGMP signaling crosstalk in the pulmonary vasculature. In addition, the nitric oxide–cGMP axis is known to play an important role in maintaining endothelial barrier function. However, the potential role of protein kinase G-Iα (PKG-Iα) in this protective process is unresolved and was the focus of our study. We describe here a novel mechanism regulating PDE3A activity, which involves a PKG-Iα–dependent inhibitory phosphorylation of PDE3A at serine 654.
- YAP signaling pathway plays critical roles in tissue homeostasis, and aberrant activation of YAP signaling has been implicated in cancers. To identify tractable targets of YAP pathway, we have performed a pathway-based pooled CRISPR screen and identified tankyrase and its associated E3 ligase RNF146 as positive regulators of YAP signaling. Genetic ablation or pharmacological inhibition of tankyrase prominently suppresses YAP activity and YAP target gene expression. Using a proteomic approach, we have identified angiomotin family proteins, which are known negative regulators of YAP signaling, as novel tankyrase substrates.
- The transcription factor c-Fos controls many important cellular processes, including cell growth and apoptosis. c-Fos expression is rapidly elevated in the prostate upon castration-mediated androgen withdrawal through an undefined mechanism. Here we show that androgens (5α-dihydrotestosterone and R1881) suppress c-Fos protein and mRNA expression induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) or EGF in human prostate cancer (PCa) cell lines. Such suppression transpires through a transcriptional mechanism, predominantly at the proximal serum response element of the c-fos promoter.
- Background: Ca2+ binding and/or permeation via CaV1.1 in skeletal muscle activates CaMKII.Results: Mice with a Ca2+ binding/permeation defect in CaV1.1 have increased body fat, reduced fatty acid metabolism, and altered CD36 distribution.Conclusion: CaV1.1 regulates CD36 distribution and fatty acid metabolism.Significance: New therapeutic targets are identified to increase skeletal muscle energy expenditure.