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Association of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase with a specific sequence of the T cell receptor zeta chain is dependent on T cell activation.

Open AccessPublished:May 27, 1994DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9258(17)36584-5
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      The T cell antigen receptor (TCR).CD3 complex contains several distinct but related signal transduction modules termed “Reth motifs”: one each in the cytoplasmic domains of CD3-gamma, -delta, and -epsilon chains and three in the CD3-zeta polypeptide (zeta A, zeta B, and zeta C). Cross-linking of individual motifs expressed in chimeric molecules leads to early and late T cell activation events. Although the activated T cell receptor associates with nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, the sites of interaction with kinases and other potential effector molecules have not been fully mapped. Here we show that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) preferentially associated with the zeta chain membrane proximal motif zeta A. Maximal PI 3-kinase/zeta A association occurred following TCR.CD3 activation and was dependent upon phosphorylation of both tyrosine residues in zeta A. The association of PI 3-kinase was specific for zeta A and could be ranked zeta A > zeta C > zeta B. Phosphorylation of the zeta A motif on tyrosine residues occurred in response to TCR.CD3 cross-linking in vivo. These results indicate that T cell activation leads to assembly of an intracellular signaling complex: recruitment of a tyrosine kinase, phosphorylation of zeta A, and association of PI 3-kinase. These data also support a model in which different Reth motifs of the TCR.CD3 complex recruit distinct signal transduction molecules. Thus, the subdomains of the T cell antigen receptor zeta chain may serve different roles during T cell maturation and antigen-driven activation.

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