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Purification of a 15-kDa cdk4- and cdk5-binding protein.

Open AccessPublished:May 06, 1994DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9258(17)36830-8
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      Yeasts p13suc1/p18CKS and their human homologues, p9CKShs1/p9CKShs2, strongly interact with p34cdc2 and p34cdk2. While attempting to purify the starfish oocyte p13suc1 homologue, we discovered a 15-kDa protein cross-reactive with anti-p9CKShs2/anti-p13suc1 antibodies. p15cdk-BP-Sepharose binds an anti-PSTAIRE cross-reactive protein of 33 kDa when loaded with starfish oocyte extracts. The p15cdk-BP-bound “PSTAIRE signal” is part of a 250-kDa complex distinct from p34cdc2/cyclin B. p15cdk-BP-Sepharose beads retain a kinase phosphorylating HMG I/Y, P1, and myelin basic protein (among 24 substrates tested). Major cdc2 kinase substrates are not phosphorylated by the p15cdk-BP-bound kinase. Phosphopeptide maps of P1 phosphorylated by the p15cdk-BP-bound kinase, p34cdc2/cyclin B, p 33cdk5/p25, and casein kinase 2 showed that these kinases phosphorylate P1 on different sites. Phosphopeptide maps of P1 phosphorylated by the p15cdk-BP-bound starfish kinase and p15cdk-BP-bound human p34cdk4/cyclin D are largely coincident. To investigate the nature of the p15cdk-BP-bound kinase, extracts of mammalian tissues and cells were loaded on p9CKShs1- and p15cdk-BP-Sepharose and the bound proteins were analyzed using specific anti-cdk antibodies. cdc2 and cdk2 bind to p9CKShs1-Sepharose, but not to p15cdk-BP. cdk4 and cdk5 bind to p15cdk-BP-Sepharose, but not to p9CKShs1-Sepharose. We conclude that p15cdk-BP specifically binds the cdk4/cyclin D and cdk5 kinases and, along with p13suc1 and p9CKShs, may be part of a larger family of cdk-binding proteins.

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