Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.| Volume 263, ISSUE 13, P6122-6127, May 05, 1988

Characterization of Na+-linked and Na+-independent Cl-/HCO3- exchange systems in Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts.

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      The PS120 variant of Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts which lacks Na+/H+ exchange activity was used to investigate bicarbonate transport systems and their role in intracellular pH (pHi) regulation. When pHi was decreased by acid load, bicarbonate caused pHi increase and stimulated 36Cl- efflux from the cells, both in a Na+-dependent manner. These results together with previous findings that bicarbonate stimulates 22Na+ uptake in PS120 cells (L'Allemain, G., Paris, S., and Pouyssegur, J. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 4877-4883) demonstrate the presence of a Na+-linked Cl-/HCO3- exchange system. In cells with normal initial pHi, bicarbonate caused Na+-independent pHi increase in Cl(-)-free solutions and stimulated Na+-independent 36Cl- efflux, indicating that a Na+-independent Cl-/HCO3- exchanger is also present in the cell. Na+-linked and Na+-independent Cl-/HCO3- exchange is apparently mediated by two distinct systems, since a [(tetrahydrofluorene-7-yl)oxy]acetic acid derivative selectively inhibits the Na+-independent exchanger. An additional distinctive feature is a 10-fold lower affinity for chloride of the Na+-linked exchanger. The Na+-linked and Na+-independent Cl-/HCO3- exchange systems are likely to protect the cell from acid and alkaline load, respectively.

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