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Binding of Monoiodinated Neuropeptide Y to Hippocampal Membranes and Human Neuroblastoma Cell Lines

Open AccessPublished:April 25, 1989DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9258(18)83476-7
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      Monoiodinated radioligands of the homologous 36-amino acid peptides, neuropeptide Y (NPY) and peptide YY, were prepared by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography with isocratic elution. [125I-Tyr1]- and [125I-Tyr36]monoiodoNPY bound equally well to a single class of high affinity binding sites on synaptosomal membranes prepared from porcine hippocampus (Kd = 1.0 × 10-10 M) whereas iodine substitution in Tyr27, for example, partly interfered with the receptor binding. The receptors on the hippocampal membranes did not distinguish between neuropeptide Y and peptide YY either in their monoiodinated or in their unlabeled forms. Six out of twelve human neuroblastoma cell lines had high affinity binding sites for monoiodinated NPY ranging from 2 to 145 × 10(3) sites per cell. The NPY binding to three of the cell lines, SMS-MSN, SMS-KAN, and CHP-234 was of relatively high affinity (Kd = 1.3 to 6.1 × 10-10 M), and, as in the hippocampal membranes, the long C-terminal fragment, NPY(13–36)peptide was also a relatively potent ligand for these receptors. Two other neuroblastoma cell lines, MC-IXC and CHP-212, expressed NPY receptors characterized by a lower affinity (Kd = 4.8 and 24.6 × 10-9 M) and negligible cross-reactivity with the C-terminal fragment. It is concluded that monoiodinated radioligands of the tyrosine-rich neuropeptide Y can be prepared and that receptors for these ligands in two apparently different subtypes are found on a series of human neuroblastoma cell lines.

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