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Protein synthesis inhibitors activate glucose transport without increasing plasma membrane glucose transporters in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

Open AccessPublished:June 05, 1991DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9258(18)99198-2
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      In this study, we tested the hypothesis that hexose transport regulation may involve proteins with relatively rapid turnover rates. 3T3-L1 adipocytes, which exhibit 10-fold increases in hexose transport rates within 30 min of the addition of 100 nM insulin, were utilized. Exposure of these cells to 300 microM anisomycin or 500 microM cycloheximide caused a maximal, 7-fold increase in 2-deoxyglucose transport rate after 4-8 h. The effects due to either insulin (0.5 h) or anisomycin (5 h) on the kinetics of zero-trans 3-O-methyl[14C]glucose transport were similar, resulting in 2.5-3-fold increases in apparent Vmax values (control Vmax = 1.6 +/- 0.3 x 10(-7) mmol/s/10(6) cells) coupled with approximately 2-fold decreases in apparent Km values (control Km = 23 +/- 3.3 mM). Insulin elicited the expected increases in plasma membrane levels of HepG2/erythrocyte (GLUT1) and muscle/adipocyte (GLUT4) transporters (1.6- and 2.8-fold, respectively) as determined by protein immunoblotting. In contrast, neither total cellular contents nor plasma membrane levels of these two transporter isoforms were increased when 3T3-L1 adipocytes were treated with either anisomycin or cycloheximide. 3-[125I]Iodo-4-azidophenethylamido-7-O-succinyldeacetylforskoli n labeling of glucose transporters in plasma membrane fractions of similarly treated cells was also unaffected by these agents. Thus, a striking discrepancy was observed between the marked increase in cellular hexose transport rates due to these protein synthesis inhibitors and the unaltered amounts of glucose transporter proteins in the plasma membrane fraction. These data indicate that short-term protein synthesis inhibition in 3T3-L1 adipocytes leads to large increases in the intrinsic catalytic activity of one or both of the GLUT1 and GLUT4 transporter isoforms.

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