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Mutagenesis of the regulatory subunit of yeast cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Isolation of site-directed mutants with altered binding affinity for catalytic subunit.

Open AccessPublished:July 05, 1988DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9258(19)76519-3
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      Oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis was used to produce mutants in the hinge region of the regulatory subunit (R) of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae cAMP-dependent protein kinase. The mutant proteins were expressed in Escherichia coli, purified, urea treated to produce cAMP-free regulatory (R), and analyzed in vitro for catalytic (C) subunit inhibitory activity in the presence and absence of cAMP. When assayed in the absence of cAMP, wild type R dimer inhibited C with an IC50 of 40 nM. Replacement of amino acid residue Ser-145 (the autophosphorylation site of yeast R) with Ala or Gly produced mutants which were 2-10-fold better inhibitors of C, while replacement with Glu, Asp, Lys, or Thr produced mutants which were 2-5-fold worse inhibitors of C relative to wild type R. When assayed in the presence of cAMP, all R subunits had a decreased affinity for C subunit, with Ser-145 and Thr-145 undergoing autophosphorylation. These results suggest that the amino acid at position 145 of R contributes to R-C interaction and therefore influences the equilibrium of yeast protein kinase subunits in vitro.

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